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Single Idea 19764

[catalogued under 25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / b. The natural life]

Full Idea

Hobbes had wrongly injected into the savage man's concern for self-preservation the need to satisfy a multitude of passions which are the product of society and which have made laws necessary.

Gist of Idea

Hobbes attributed to savages the passions which arise in a law-bound society


Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Discourse on the Origin of Inequality [1754], Part I)

A Reaction

Hobbes's famous remark concerns a state of war, which is quite a sophisticated state of conflict between well formed social groups. Rousseau's savage is fairly solitary, so won't be involved in war.

Book Reference

Rousseau,Jean-Jacques: 'The Basic Political Writings', ed/tr. Cress,Donald A. [Hackett 1987], p.53