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Single Idea 21158

[catalogued under 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 4. Standard Model / c. Particle properties]

Full Idea

Particles with half-integer spin, such as electrons, protons or quarks (all spin ) have an asymmetry in their wavefunction that makes them antisocial. These particles (Fermions) cannot share a quantum state.

Gist of Idea

Fermions, with spin , are antisocial, and cannot share quantum states


New Scientist writers (Why the Universe Exists [2017], 02)

A Reaction

This is said to explain the complexity of matter, with carbon an especially good example.

Book Reference

New Scientist writers: 'Why the Universe Exists' [John Murray 2017], p.31