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Ideas of Deborah Achtenberg, by Text

[American, fl. 2002, At the University of Nevada, at Reno.]

2002 Cognition of Value in Aristotle's Ethics
Intro p.3 It is not universals we must perceive for virtue, but particulars, seen as intrinsically good
     Full Idea: Aristotle believes cognition of particulars is more important for virtue than cognition of universals, ..and I would add that it is cognition not just of particulars, but of their value, that is, perception of them as good or beautiful.
     From: Deborah Achtenberg (Cognition of Value in Aristotle's Ethics [2002], Intro)
     A reaction: This gets quickly to the heart of the problem, which is what fact about the particular is perceived which makes it good. Utilitarians are queueing up to answer this question. Interesting, though.
6.1 p.161 Evaluations are not disguised emotions; instead, emotion is a type of evaluation
     Full Idea: The emotivist gets things backwards: evaluations are not disguised emotions; instead, emotions are types of evaluation.
     From: Deborah Achtenberg (Cognition of Value in Aristotle's Ethics [2002], 6.1)
     A reaction: A nice comment, though a bit optimistic. It is certainly a valuable corrective to emotivist to pin down the cognitive and evaluative aspects of emotion, rather than regarding them as 'raw' feelings.