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Ideas of Avicenna (Abu Ibn Sina), by Text

[Persian, 980 - 1037, Born at Bukhara. Began a life of wandering in 999. Died in Isfahan.]

1022 Commentary on the Metaphysics
p.50 An essence can either be universal (in the mind) or singular (in concrete particulars)
1/6 p.91 Understanding begins with the notion of being and essence
11/12.14 p.97 The ultimate material of things has the unity of total formlessness
5.5 p.103 The simple's whatness is its very self