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Ideas of Frank Close, by Text
[British, fl. 1983, At the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire.]
2017

Theories of Everything

3 'Arrow'

p.30

20625

Third Law: total order and minimum entropy only occurs at absolute zero

3 'Arrow'

p.32

20626

Modern theories of matter are grounded in heat, work and energy

3 'Light!'

p.34

20627

Electric fields have four basic laws (two by Gauss, one by Ampère, one by Faraday)

3 'Light!'

p.36

20628

The electric and magnetic are tightly linked, and viewed according to your own motion

3 'Light!'

p.39

20629

Electromagnetic waves travel at light speed  so light is electromagnetism!

3 'Light!'

p.48

20630

Light isn't just emitted in quanta called photons  light is photons

3 'Light!'

p.51

20631

Dirac showed how electrons conform to special relativity

3 'Light!'

p.56

20632

In QED, electromagnetism exists in quantum states, emitting and absorbing electrons

3 'Newton's'

p.21

20622

All motions are relative and ambiguous, but acceleration is the same in all inertial frames

3 'Perpetual'

p.27

20623

First Law: energy can change form, but is conserved overall

3 'Perpetual'

p.28

20624

Work degrades into heat, but not vice versa

4 'Higgs'

p.78

20633

The Higgs field is an electroweak plasma  but we don't know what stuff it consists of

5 'Cosmological'

p.101

20638

General relativity assumes laws of nature are the same in all frames of reference

5 'Gravity'

p.91

20634

General Relativity says there is no absolute force or acceleration

5 'Gravity'

p.96

20635

The general relativity equations relate curvature in spacetime to density of energymomentum

5 'Gravity'

p.97

20636

Newton is a special case of Einstein's general theory, with an infinite speed of light

5 'Planck'

p.99

20637

In general relativity the energy and momentum of photons subjects them to gravity

6 'Hierarchy'

p.112

20641

Electrons get their mass by interaction with the Higgs field

6 'Intro'

p.108

20639

Quantum fields contain continual rapid creation and disappearance

6 'Intro'

p.109

20640

Spacetime is indeterminate foam over short distances

6 'Superstrings'

p.118

20642

Photon exchange drives the electromagnetic force
