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Ideas of Ludwig Feuerbach, by Text

[German, 1804 - 1872, Born in Bavaria. Graduate of Heidelberg. Taught by Hegel. Lived quietly near Nuremberg.]

1839 Towards a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy
p.59 p.59 All philosophies presuppose their historical moment, and arise from it
p.63 p.63 I don't study Plato for his own sake; the primary aim is always understanding
p.65 p.65 Truth forges an impersonal unity between people
p.72 p.72 A dialectician has to be his own opponent
p.72 p.72 Each proposition has an antithesis, and truth exists as its refutation
p.77 p.77 To our consciousness it is language which looks unreal
p.82 p.82 The Absolute is the 'and' which unites 'spirit and nature'
1839 Fragments on My Philosophical Development
1834-6 p.278 Egoism is the only evil, love the only good; genuine love produces all the other virtues
1841 On 'The Beginning of Philosophy'
p.135 p.135 Philosophy is distinguished from other sciences by its complete lack of presuppositions
1841 Introduction of 'Essence of Christianity'
I p.96 Consciousness is said to distinguish man from animals - consciousness of his own species
I p.98 Religion is the consciousness of the infinite
I p.99 Reason, love and will are the highest perfections and essence of man - the purpose of his life
I p.100 When absorbed in deep reflection, is your reason in control, or is it you?
II p.109 The nature of God is an expression of human nature
II p.115 If love, goodness and personality are human, the God who is their source is anthropomorphic
II p.119 A God needs justice, kindness and wisdom, but those concepts don't depend on the concept of God
II p.130 Today's atheism will tomorrow become a religion
1843 Principles of Philosophy of the Future
02 p.5 Catholicism concerns God in himself, Protestantism what God is for man
07 p.10 If God is only an object for man, then only the essence of man is revealed in God
10 p.13 Modern philosophy begins with Descartes' abstraction from sensation and matter
10 p.14 Absolute idealism is the realized divine mind of Leibnizian theism
17 p.26 For Descartes a person's essence is the mind because objects are perceived by mind, not senses
17 p.27 Consciousness is absolute reality, and everything exists through consciousness
17 p.29 God is for us a mere empty idea, which we fill with our own ego and essence
18 p.30 God's existence cannot be separated from essence and concept, which can only be thought as existing
18 p.31 Descartes transformed 'God is thinkable, so he exists' into 'I think, so I exist'
23 p.38 Philosophy should not focus on names, but on the determined nature of things
24/5 p.38 Absolute thought remains in another world from being
27 p.42 Being posits essence, and my essence is my being
29 p.44 Particularity belongs to being, whereas generality belongs to thought
29 p.48 Plotinus was ashamed to have a body
29 p.48 God is what man would like to be
31 p.49 The new philosophy thinks of the concrete in a concrete (not a abstract) manner
33 p.52 The only true being is of the senses, perception, feeling and love
33 p.53 If you love nothing, it doesn't matter whether something exists or not
35 p.54 Only that which can be an object of religion is an object of philosophy
41 p.58 Empiricism is right about ideas, but forgets man himself as one of our objects
41 p.58 Ideas arise through communication, and reason is reached through community
45 p.63 The laws of reality are also the laws of thought
53 p.69 Man is not a particular being, like animals, but a universal being
53 p.69 In man the lowest senses of smell and taste elevate themselves to intellectual acts
59 p.71 The essence of man is in community, but with distinct individuals
26 p.213 Being is what is undetermined, and hence indistinguishable