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Ideas of K Marx / F Engels, by Text

[German, fl. 1848, Founders of the communist movement]

1846 The German Ideology
§1.A p.41 Young Hegelians proposed changing our present consciousness for liberating critical consciousness
§1.A p.41 Young Hegelians think consciousness is chains for men, where old Hegelians think it the bond of society
§1.A p.42 Men distinguish themselves from animals when they begin to produce their means of subsistence
§1.A p.42 The nature of an individual coincides with what they produce and how they produce it
§1.A p.47 Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life
§1.A p.48 Philosophy is no more than abstractions concerning observations of human historical development
§1.A p.50 Human history must always be studied in relation to industry and exchange
§1.A p.51 Language co-exists with consciousness, and makes it social
§1.A p.51 Consciousness is a social product
§1.A p.54 If the common interest imposes on the individual, his actions become alienated and enslaving
§1.A p.54 In communist society we are not trapped in one activity, but can act freely
§1.A p.55 Communism abolishes private property and dissolves the powerful world market
§1.B p.60 Most historians are trapped in the illusions of their own epoch
§1.B p.61 Slavery cannot be abolished without the steam-engine
§1.B p.62 Philosophical problems are resolved into empirical facts
§1.B p.64 The class controlling material production also controls mental production
§1.B p.65 When aristocracy or the bourgeoisie dominate, certain values dominate with them
§1.B p.66 The revolutionary class is opposed to 'class', and represents all of society
§1.C p.81 The law says private property is the result of the general will
§1.D p.82 Individuals are mutually hostile unless they group together in competition with other groups
§1.D p.83 Only in community are people able to cultivate their gifts, and therefore be free
§1.D p.85 To assert themselves as individuals, the proletarians must overthrow the State
§II p.97 Kant was happy with 'good will', even if it had no result
§II p.99 Kant made the political will into a pure self-determined "free" will
1848 The Communist Manifesto
§1 p.79 The history of all existing society is the history of class struggles
§1 p.82 Modern governments are just bourgeois management committees
§1 p.92 For the proletariate, law, morality and religion are just expressions of bourgeois interests
§2 p.96 Communism aims to abolish not all property, but bourgeois property
§2 p.100 Communists want to rescue education from the ruling class
§2 p.105 The free development of each should be the condition for the free development of all
§3.II p.113 Many of the bourgeois right grievances are a form of self-defence