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Ideas of New Scientist writers, by Text

[British, fl. 2013, Weekly British science magazine (with many authors)]

2013 New Scientist articles
1017.02.04 p.31 Hilbert Space is an abstraction representing all possible states of a quantum system
2010.10.16 p.25 We are halfway to synthesising any molecule we want
2010.10.16 p.25 Chemistry just needs the periodic table, and protons, electrons and neutrinos
2013.06.15 p.35 The Schrödinger equation describes the evolution of an object's wave function in Hilbert space
2013.06.15 p.35 Quantum states are measured by external time, of unknown origin
2013.06.15 p.36 String theory needs at least 10 space-time dimensions
2013.06.15 p.36 General relativity predicts black holes, as former massive stars, and as galaxy centres
2013.06.15 p.36 Relativity makes time and space jointly basic; quantum theory splits them, and prioritises time
2013.06.15 p.37 Light moves at a constant space-time speed, but its direction is in neither space nor time
2013.10.29 p.9 84.5 percent of the universe is made of dark matter
2013.10.29 p.31 About a third of variation in human intelligence is environmental
2013.10.29 p.31 People can be highly intelligent, yet very stupid
2013.10.29 p.33 No one has yet devised a rationality test
2015.05.23 p.12 Current physics says matter and antimatter should have reduced to light at the big bang
2015.05.23 p.31 CP violation shows a decay imbalance in matter and antimatter, leading to matter's dominance
2015.06.13 p.11 Psychologists measure personality along five dimensions
2015.11.07 p.31 Black holes have entropy, but general relativity says they are unstructured, and lack entropy
2015.11.07 p.32 It is impossible for find a model of actuality among the innumerable models in string theory
2015.11.07 p.32 In string theory space-time has a grainy indivisible substructure
2015.11.07 p.33 Space-time may be a geometrical manifestation of quantum entanglement
2015.12.12 p.28 Neural networks can extract the car-ness of a car, or the chair-ness of a chair
2015.12.12 p.29 A system can infer the structure of the world by making predictions about it
2017.02.04 p.31 Quantum theory relies on a clock outside the system - but where is it located?
2017.02.04 p.31 Entropy is the only time-asymmetric law, so time may be linked to entropy
2017.02.04 p.31 Einstein's merging of time with space has left us confused about the nature of time
2017.02.04 p.31 Entropy is puzzling, so we may need to build new laws which include time directionality
2017 Why the Universe Exists
01 p.5 Neutrons are slightly heavier than protons, and decay into them by emitting an electron
01 p.7 Neutrinos were proposed as the missing energy in neutron beta decay
01 p.7 Spin is a built-in ration of angular momentum
01 p.14 Classifying hadrons revealed two symmetry patterns, produced by three basic elements
01 p.14 Quarks in threes can build hadrons with spin ½ or with spin 3/2
01 p.17 Top, bottom, charm and strange quarks quickly decay into up and down
02 p.23 The four fundamental forces (gravity, electromagnetism, weak and strong) are the effects of particles
02 p.24 Quantum electrodynamics incorporates special relativity and quantum mechanics
02 p.24 Electrons move fast, so are subject to special relativity
02 p.26 Quarks have red, green or blue colour charge (akin to electric charge)
02 p.26 The strong force is repulsive at short distances, strong at medium, and fades at long
02 p.26 Three different colours of quark (as in the proton) can cancel out to give no colour
02 p.27 Gluons, the particles carrying the strong force, interact because of their colour charge
02 p.27 The strong force binds quarks tight, and the nucleus more weakly
02 p.28 The weak force explains beta decay, and the change of type by quarks and leptons
02 p.28 Three particles enable the weak force: W+ and W- are charged, and Z° is not
02 p.29 The weak force particles are heavy, so the force has a short range
02 p.29 Photons have zero rest mass, so virtual photons have infinite range
02 p.31 Fermions, with spin ½, are antisocial, and cannot share quantum states
02 p.31 Particles are spread out, with wave-like properties, and higher energy shortens the wavelength
02 p.39 Supersymmetry has extra heavy bosons and heavy fermions
02 p.44 The Higgs field means even low energy space is not empty
03 p.66 In the standard model all the fundamental force fields merge at extremely high energies
03 p.69 Only supersymmetry offers to incorporate gravity into the scheme
04 p.79 The mass of protons and neutrinos is mostly binding energy, not the quarks
04 p.81 Why do the charges of the very different proton and electron perfectly match up?
04 p.84 Spin is akin to rotation, and is easily measured in a magnetic field
05 p.89 Standard antineutrinos have opposite spin and opposite lepton number
05 p.99 Gravity is unusual, in that it always attracts and never repels
05 p.101 Gravitional mass turns out to be the same as inertial mass
06 p.109 Only neutrinos spin anticlockwise
06 p.110 The Standard Model cannot explain dark energy, survival of matter, gravity, or force strength
07 p.129 The symmetry of unified electromagnetic and weak forces was broken by the Higgs field
07 p.134 The evidence for supersymmetry keeps failing to appear
08 p.144 Supersymmetry says particles and superpartners were unities, but then split
08 p.150 Dark matter must have mass, to produce gravity, and no electric charge, to not reflect light
08 p.158 String theory might be tested by colliding strings to make bigger 'stringballs'
09 p.167 In the Big Band general relativity fails, because gravity is too powerful
09 p.169 String theory is now part of 11-dimensional M-Theory, involving p-branes
09 p.169 String theory offers a quantum theory of gravity, by describing the graviton
09 p.171 Supersymmetric string theory can be expressed using loop quantum gravity