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Ideas of Parmenides, by Text

[Greek, c.515 - 445 BCE, Born in Elea, nr Naples. Taught by Xenophanes. Founder of Eleatic school. Zeno of Elea his pupil. Revered visitor to Athens in old age.]

474BCE The Way of Truth (frags)
p.13 There could be movement within one thing, as there is within water
p.28 People who say that the cosmos is one forget that they must explain movement
p.78 The one can't be divisible, because if it was it could be infinitely divided down to nothing
p.192 It is feeble-minded to look for explanations of everything being at rest
p.241 The one is without any kind of motion
p.384 He was the first person to say the earth is spherical
p.384 He taught that there are two elements, fire the maker, and earth the matter
p.385 He was the first to discover the identity of the Morning and Evening Stars
p.385 Only reason can prove the truth of facts
p.497 The void can't exist, and without the void there can't be movement or separation
A24 p.62 Reason sees reality as one, the senses see it as many
A25 p.61 Something must be unchanging to make recognition and knowledge possible
A28 p.56 Parmenides was much more cautious about accepting ideas than his predecessors
A46 p.65 Parmenides treats perception and intellectual activity as the same
B02 p.42 The first way of enquiry involves necessary existence
B02 p.42 The realm of necessary non-existence cannot be explored, because it is unknowable
B06 p.58 There is no such thing as nothing
B08 ll.? p.43 Being must be eternal and uncreated, and hence it is timeless
B08 ll.? p.43 No necessity could produce Being either later or earlier, so it must exist absolutely or not at all
B08 ll.? p.44 Reality is symmetrical and balanced, like a sphere, with no reason to be greater one way rather than another
B08 ll.? p.44 Being is not divisible, since it is all alike
B08 ll.? p.44 All our concepts of change and permanence are just names, not the truth
B08 ll.? p.44 Necessity sets limits on being, in order to give it identity
B08 ll.? p.44 Thinking implies existence, because thinking depends on it