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Ideas of Zeno (Citium), by Text

[Greek, 334 - 262 BCE, Born at Citium, Cyprus. Taught by Polemo. Dissatisfied with other Athenian schools, founded the Stoics, meeting in the Stoa Poikile.]

294BCE talk
p.267 When a slave said 'It was fated that I should steal', Zeno replied 'Yes, and that you should be beaten'
p.268 When shown seven versions of the mowing argument, he paid twice the asking price for them
294BCE works (fragments)
p.48 For Stoics, obligations are determined by social role
p.49 Stoics do not despise external goods, but subject them to reason, and not to desire
p.52 Early Stoics called the logos 'god', meaning not a being, but the principle of the universe
p.73 The free will problem was invented by the Stoics
p.116 Stoics said that correct judgement needs an invincible criterion of truth
p.123 There are four Stoic categories; substrates, qualities, dispositions, and relative dispositions
p.123 Stoics say matter has qualities, and substance underlies it, with no form or qualities
p.124 Stoics say god is matter, or an inseparable quality of it, or is the power within it
p.125 The Stoics rejected entirely the high value that had been placed on contemplation
p.126 Stoics say virtuous souls last till everything ends in fire, but foolish ones fade away
p.128 Stoic morality says that one's own happiness will lead to impartiality
p.132 If tuneful flutes grew on olive trees, you would assume the olive had some knowledge of the flute
p.132 Things are more perfect if they have reason; nothing is more perfect than the universe, so it must have reason
p.149 Stoics classify passions according to the opinion of good and bad which they imply.
p.159 Stoic 'nature' is deterministic, physical and teleological
p.203 Someone who says 'it is day' proposes it is day, and it is true if it is day
p.238 At birth the soul is a blank sheet ready to be written on
p.245 Stoics use 'kalon' (beautiful) as a synonym for 'agathon' (good)
p.270 For Stoics the true self is defined by what I can be master of
p.276 For Stoics knowledge is an assertion which never deviates from the truth
p.280 A sentence always has signification, but a word by itself never does
p.289 If humans are citizens of the world (not just a state) then virtue is all good human habits
p.291 Since we are essentially rational animals, living according to reason is living according to nature
p.302 Stoics originated the concept of natural law, as agreed correct reasoning
p.306 Stoics say a wise man will commit suicide if he has a good enough reason
p.307 Stoics favour a mixture of democracy, monarchy and aristocracy
p.425 Zeno says there are four main virtues, which are inseparable but distinct
p.447 Zeno saw virtue as a splendid state, not just a source of splendid action