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Ideas of William of Ockham, by Text

[English, 1287 - 1347, Born in Ockham, Surrey. Ended up at the court of Bavaria. Franciscan. Died in Munich.]

1320 Commentary on the Sentences
IV.13 p.693 If parts change, the whole changes
1320 Ordinatio
DII Qviii prima redactio p.41 A universal is not a real feature of objects, but only a thought-object in the mind
DII Qviii prima redactio p.41 A universal is the result of abstraction, which is only a kind of mental picturing
1320 Predest.,God's foreknowledge and contingents
7.1 p.225 Our words and concepts don't always correspond to what is out there
1320 Prologue to Ordinatio
Q 1 N sqq p.18 Our intellect only assents to what we believe to be true
Q 1 N sqq p.22 Abstractive cognition knows universals abstracted from many singulars
1320 Summula philosophiae naturalis
p.66 Ockham says matter must be extended, so we don't need Quantity
p.86 Ockham was an anti-realist about the categories
I.13 p.303 Matter gets its quantity from condensation and rarefaction, which is just local motion
1323 Summa totius logicae
p.15 Ockham had an early axiomatic account of truth
p.55 Universals are single things, and only universal in what they signify
I.c.i p.47 Some concepts for propositions exist only in the mind, and in no language
I.c.iv p.51 The word 'every' only signifies when added to a term such as 'man', referring to all men
I.c.xliv p.138 Just as unity is not a property of a single thing, so numbers are not properties of many things
II.c.ii p.76 A proposition is true if its subject and predicate stand for the same thing
III,II,c,xxvii p.93 The words 'thing' and 'to be' assert the same idea, as a noun and as a verb
III,II,c,xxvii p.93 If essence and existence were two things, one could exist without the other, which is impossible
III.c.xxxvi p.88 From an impossibility anything follows
1323 Tractatus de corpore Christi
Ch. 12 p.289 Every extended material substance is composed of parts distant from one another
Ch. 29 p.290 Why use more things when fewer will do?
1330 Reportatio
III Q viii p.107 God is not wise, but more-than-wise; God is not good, but more-than-good
III Q viii p.112 We could never form a concept of God's wisdom if we couldn't abstract it from creatures
1332 Seven Quodlibets
I Q x p.142 There are no secure foundations to prove the separate existence of mind, in reason or experience
I Q xiii p.30 If an animal approached from a distance, we might abstract 'animal' from one instance
III Q xiii p.147 To love God means to love whatever God wills to be loved
III.6 p.561 Hot water naturally cools down, which is due to the substantial form of the water
IV.19 p.611 Cut wood doesn't make a new substance, but seems to make separate subjects
VI q.25 p.135 Relations are expressed either as absolute facts, or by a relational concept
1335 works
p. Do not multiply entities beyond necessity
p.119 William of Ockham is the main spokesman for God's commands being the source of morality
p.295 Even an angel must have some location
6:496 p.146 The past has ceased to exist, and the future does not yet exist, so time does not exist
1340 Expositio super viii libros
Prologue p.3 Knowledge is a quality existing subjectively in the soul
Prologue p.4 Knowledge is certain cognition of something that is true
Prologue p.5 Sometimes 'knowledge' just concerns the conclusion, sometimes the whole demonstration