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Ideas of Jean-Paul Sartre, by Text

[French, 1905 - 1980, Born and died in Paris. Fought in French resistance. Lifelong partner of Simone de Beauvoir.]

1937 Transcendence of the Ego
Intro p.1 The Ego is not formally or materially part of consciousness, but is outside in the world
Conc (1) p.45 A consciousness can conceive of no other consciousness than itself
I (A) p.6 The eternal truth of 2+2=4 is what gives unity to the mind which regularly thinks it
I (A) p.6 Intentionality defines, transcends and unites consciousness
I (A) p.6 If you think of '2+2=4' as the content of thought, the self must be united transcendentally
I (A) p.7 If the 'I' is transcendental, it unnecessarily splits consciousness in two
I (A) p.7 Consciousness exists as consciousness of itself
I (B) p.10 Phenomenology assumes that all consciousness is of something
I (B) p.10 The consciousness that says 'I think' is not the consciousness that thinks
I (B) p.10 The Cogito depends on a second-order experience, of being conscious of consciousness
I (B) p.11 Maybe it is the act of reflection that brings 'me' into existence
I (B) p.13 When we are unreflective (as when chasing a tram) there is no 'I'
I (B) p.15 How could two I's, the reflective and the reflected, communicate with each other?
II (B) p.27 Is the Cogito reporting an immediate experience of doubting, or the whole enterprise of doubting?
II (D) p.31 It is theoretically possible that the Ego consists entirely of false memories
II (D) p.36 The Ego only appears to reflection, so it is cut off from the World
II (D) p.37 We can never, even in principle, grasp other minds, because the Ego is self-conceiving
II (D) p.38 Knowing yourself requires an exterior viewpoint, which is necessarily false
II (D) p.39 The Ego never appears except when we are not looking for it
1939 Sketch for Theory of Emotions
p.36 States have a monopoly of legitimate violence [Wolff,J]
1943 Being and Nothingness
p.4 Sartre says consciousness is just directedness towards external objects [Rowlands]
p.76 Sartre rejects mental content, and the idea that the mind has hidden inner features [Rowlands]
p.101 Sincerity is not authenticity, because it only commits to one particular identity [Aho]
IV.2.III p.636 Man is a useless passion
p.4-5 p.28 Appearances do not hide the essence; appearances are the essence
p.556? p.80 Man is the desire to be God
p.65 p.73 Fear concerns the world, but 'anguish' comes from confronting my self
1945 Existentialism and Humanism
p.222 'Existence precedes essence' means we have no pre-existing self, but create it through existence [Le Poidevin]
p.26 p.26 Existence before essence (or begin with the subjective)
p.28 p.28 There is no human nature
p.28 p.28 Existentialism says man is whatever he makes of himself
p.293 p.108 In becoming what we want to be we create what we think man ought to be
p.296 p.103 There are no values to justify us, and no excuses
p.305 p.65 It is dishonest to offer passions as an excuse
p.306 p.108 When my personal freedom becomes involved, I must want freedom for everyone else
p.33 p.33 Without God there is no intelligibility or value
p.34 p.34 Man IS freedom
p.35-9 p.61 When a man must choose between his mother and the Resistance, no theory can help [Fogelin]
p.41 p.41 Man is nothing else but the sum of his actions
p.42 p.42 Cowards are responsible for their cowardice
p.48 p.48 If I do not choose, that is still a choice
p.51 p.51 If values depend on us, freedom is the foundation of all values
1953 The Communists and Peace
final part p.271 The truth about events always comes from the oppressed and disadvantaged [Bakewell]