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Ideas of Mulligan/Simons/Smith, by Text

[, fl. 1984, ]

1984 Truth-makers
2 p.61 Moments (objects which cannot exist alone) may serve as truth-makers
     Full Idea: A 'moment' is an existentially dependent or non-self-sufficient object, that is, an object which is of such a nature that it cannot exist alone, ....... and we suggest that moments could serve as truth-makers.
     From: Mulligan/Simons/Smith (Truth-makers [1984], 2)
     A reaction: [These three writers invented the term 'truth-maker']
3 p.67 The truth-maker for a sentence may not be unique, or may be a combination, or several separate items
     Full Idea: A proposition may have a minimal truth-maker which is not unique, or a sentence may be made true by no single truth-maker but only by several jointly, or again only by several separately.
     From: Mulligan/Simons/Smith (Truth-makers [1984], 3)
3 p.70 Truth-makers cannot be the designata of the sentences they make true
     Full Idea: Truth-makers cannot be the designata of the sentences they make true, because sentences with more than one truth-maker would then be ambiguous, and 'a' and 'a exists' would have the same designatum.
     From: Mulligan/Simons/Smith (Truth-makers [1984], 3)
3 p.70 Correspondence has to invoke facts or states of affairs, just to serve as truth-makers
     Full Idea: The correspondence theory of truth invokes a special category of non-objectual entities - facts, states of affairs, or whatever - simply to serve as truth-makers.
     From: Mulligan/Simons/Smith (Truth-makers [1984], 3)
6 p.77 Part-whole is the key relation among truth-makers
     Full Idea: The most important (ontological) relations holding among truth-makers are the part and whole relations.
     From: Mulligan/Simons/Smith (Truth-makers [1984], 6)
     A reaction: Hence Peter Simons goes off and writes the best known book on mereology. Looks very promising to me.
6 p.82 Despite negative propositions, truthmakers are not logical complexes, but ordinary experiences
     Full Idea: Because of negative propositions, investigators of truth-makers have said that they are special non-objectual entities with a logical complexity, but we think a theory is possible in which the truth relation is tied to ordinary and scientific experience.
     From: Mulligan/Simons/Smith (Truth-makers [1984], 6)