Ideas of Lao Tzu, by Theme

[Chinese, c.580 - 520 BCE, Born at Honan. Founder of Taoism.]

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1. Philosophy / A. Wisdom / 2. Wise People
Wise people choose inaction and silence
One who knows does not speak; one who speaks does not know
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 7. Despair over Philosophy
Vulgar people are alert; I alone am muddled
11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 1. Knowledge
Pursuit of learning increases activity; the Way decreases it
To know yet to think that one does not know is best
19. Language / F. Communication / 1. Rhetoric
Truth is not beautiful; beautiful speech is not truthful
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / e. Love
Do good to him who has done you an injury
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
To gain in goodness, treat as good those who are good, and those who are not
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / g. Desires
There is no crime greater than having too many desires
24. Applied Ethics / C. Death Issues / 1. Death
One with no use for life is wiser than one who values it
25. Society / B. The State / 5. Leaders / a. Autocracy
The best rulers are invisible, the next admired, the next feared, and the worst are exploited
25. Society / B. The State / 6. Government / a. Government
People are hard to govern because authorities love to do things
25. Society / E. State Functions / 1. The Law / a. Legal system
The better known the law, the more criminals there are