Ideas of Anon (Upan), by Theme

[Indian, fl. 950 BCE, Authors of the Upanishads.]

idea number gives full details    |    back to list of philosophers    |     expand these ideas
16. Persons / A. Concept of a Person / 3. Persons as Reasoners
Self is the rider, intellect the charioteer, mind the reins, and body the chariot
16. Persons / C. Self-Awareness / 2. Self-Knowledge
We have an apparent and a true self; only the second one exists, and we must seek to know it
19. Language / A. Language / 1. Language
Without speech we cannot know right/wrong, true/false, good/bad, or pleasant/unpleasant
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 6. Pleasure / b. Value of pleasure
The wise prefer good to pleasure; the foolish are drawn to pleasure by desire
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. Education / c. Teaching
Let your teacher be a god to you
26. Natural Theory / B. Concepts of Nature / 6. Natural Kinds / b. Defining kinds
By knowing one piece of clay or gold, you know all of clay or gold
27. Natural Reality / D. Cosmology / 2. Beginning
Originally there must have been just Existence, which could not come from non-existence
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 1. God
Brahma, supreme god and protector of the universe, arose from the ocean of existence
28. God / B. Proving God / 2. Fideism
Do not seek to know Brahman by arguments, for arguments are idle and vain
28. God / D. Proofs of Evidence / 1. Cosmological Proof
Brahman is the Uncaused Cause
28. God / E. Attitudes to God / 2. Pantheism
Earth, food, fire, sun are all forms of Brahman
29. Religion / A. Religious Thought / 1. Religious Belief
Charity and ritual observance distract from the highest good of religion
29. Religion / B. Polytheistic Religion / 1. Hinduism
The gods are not worshipped for their own sake, but for the sake of the Self
A man with desires is continually reborn, until his desires are stilled
Those ignorant of Atman return as animals or plants, according to their merits
Damayata - be self-controlled! Datta - be charitable! Dayadhwam - be compassionate!
29. Religion / E. Immortality / 2. Soul
The immortal in us is the part that never sleeps, and shapes our dreams
The immortal Self and the sad individual self are like two golden birds perched on one tree