Ideas of G.E.M. Anscombe, by Theme

[British, 1919 - 2001, Elizabeth Anscombe. Friend of Wittgenstein. Married to Peter Geach. Taught at both Oxford and Cambridge]

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15. Nature of Minds / B. Features of Minds / 5. Qualia / b. Qualia and intentionality
The qualities involved in sensations are entirely intentional
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 1. Free Will / a. Nature of free will
Freedom involves acting according to an idea
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 2. Free Will Theories / b. Determinism
To believe in determinism, one must believe in a system which determines events
20. Action / B. Preliminaries of Action / 1. Intention to Act / a. Nature of intentions
Intentional actions are those which are explained by giving the reason for so acting
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 1. Nature of Value / f. Fact and value
The problem of getting to 'ought' from 'is' would also apply in getting to 'owes' or 'needs'
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / e. Character
It would be better to point to failings of character, than to moral wrongness of actions
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 1. Deontology
'Ought' and 'right' are survivals from earlier ethics, and should be jettisoned
Between Aristotle and us, a Judaeo-Christian legal conception of ethics was developed
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
Universalising a maxim needs to first stipulate the right description for the action
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 1. Causation / e. Direction of causation
With diseases we easily trace a cause from an effect, but we cannot predict effects
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 1. Causation / f. Causation as primitive
The word 'cause' is an abstraction from a group of causal terms in a language (scrape, push..)
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 2. Particular Causation / b. Causal relata
Causation is relative to how we describe the primary relata
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 2. Particular Causation / c. Conditions of causation
Since Mill causation has usually been explained by necessary and sufficient conditions