Ideas of Augustine, by Theme

[Greek, 354 - 430, Born at Thagaste. Studied in Milan. Bishop of Hippo, in North Africa. Died there.]

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7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 2. Types of Existence
I prefer a lack of form to mean non-existence, than to think of some quasi-existence
11. Knowledge Aims / B. Certain Knowledge / 4. The Cogito
I must exist in order to be mistaken, so that even if I am mistaken, I can't be wrong about my own existence
12. Knowledge Sources / A. A Priori Knowledge / 3. Innate Knowledge / b. Recollection doctrine
The slave boy learns geometry from questioning, not teaching, so it is recollection
12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 1. Perception
Our images of bodies are not produced by the bodies, but by our own minds [Aquinas]
12. Knowledge Sources / C. Rationalism / 1. Rationalism
Our minds grasp reality by direct illumination (rather than abstraction from experience) [Matthews]
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 6. Determinism / a. Determinism
If the future does not exist, how can prophets see it?
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 2. Interactionism
The contact of spirit and body is utterly amazing, and incomprehensible
20. Action / B. Preliminaries of Action / 2. Willed Action / a. Will to Act
Augustine created the modern concept of the will [Matthews]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / e. Love
Love, and do what you will
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / b. Types of good
Pagans produced three hundred definitions of the highest good [Grayling]
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
Augustine said (unusually) that 'ought' does not imply 'can' [Matthews]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. War
Augustine contributed to just war theory [Matthews]
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / a. Time
I know what time is, until someone asks me to explain it
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / e. Existence of time
The whole of the current year is not present, so how can it exist?
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / f. Presentism
If the past is no longer, and the future is not yet, how can they exist?
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / h. Growing block of time
How can ten days ahead be a short time, if it doesn't exist?
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / i. Time and change
I disagree with the idea that time is nothing but cosmic movement
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / j. Time as subjective
Maybe time is an extension of the mind
27. Natural Reality / D. Cosmology / 3. The Beginning
Heaven and earth must be created, because they are subject to change
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 5. God and Time
If God is outside time in eternity, can He hear prayers?
All things are in the present time to God
29. Religion / B. Monotheistic Religion / 4. Christianity / d. Heresy
Augustine identified Donatism, Pelagianism and Manicheism as the main heresies [Matthews]
29. Religion / D. Religious Issues / 3. Problem of Evil / b. Human Evil
Augustine said evil does not really exist, and evil is a limitation in goodness [Perkins]