Ideas of Baron,S/Miller,K, by Theme

[Australian, fl. 2019, at Australian universities]

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2. Reason / F. Fallacies / 2. Infinite Regress
Vicious regresses force you to another level; non-vicious imply another level
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / a. Nature of grounding
Grounding is intended as a relation that fits dependences between things
9. Objects / E. Objects over Time / 2. Objects that Change
How does a changing object retain identity or have incompatible properties over time?
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 1. Causation
Modern accounts of causation involve either processes or counterfactuals
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 4. Naturalised causation
The main process theory of causation says it is transference of mass, energy, momentum or charge
If causes are processes, what is causation by omission? (Distinguish legal from scientific causes?)
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 9. General Causation / c. Counterfactual causation
The counterfactual theory of causation handles the problem no matter what causes actually are
Counterfactual theories struggle with pre-emption by a causal back-up system
27. Natural Reality / A. Classical Physics / 2. Thermodynamics / d. Entropy
There is no second 'law' of thermodynamics; it just reflects probabilities of certain microstates
27. Natural Reality / C. Space / 6. Space-Time
In relativity space and time depend on one's motion, but spacetime gives an invariant metric
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 1. Nature of Time / e. Eternalism
The block universe theory says entities of all times exist, and time is the B-series
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 1. Nature of Time / f. Growing block
How can we know this is the present moment, if other times are real?
If we are actually in the past then we shouldn't experience time passing
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 1. Nature of Time / g. Presentism
Erzatz Presentism allows the exist of other times, with only the present 'actualised'
How do presentists explain relations between things existing at different times?
Presentism needs endurantism, because other theories imply most of the object doesn't exist
How can presentists move to the next future moment, if that doesn't exist?
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 1. Nature of Time / h. Denying time
Most of the sciences depend on the concept of time
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / a. Experience of time
For abstractionists past times might still exist, althought their objects don't
The error theory of time's passage says it is either a misdescription or a false inference
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / b. Rate of time
It is meaningless to measure the rate of time using time itself, and without a rate there is no flow
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / d. Time series
The C-series rejects A and B, and just sees times as ordered by betweenness, without direction
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / e. Tensed (A) series
The A-series has to treat being past, present or future as properties
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / f. Tenseless (B) series
The B-series can have a direction, as long as it does not arise from temporal flow
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / g. Time's arrow
Static theories cannot account for time's obvious asymmetry, so time must be dynamic
The direction of time is either primitive, or reducible to something else
The kaon does not seem to be time-reversal invariant, unlike the rest of nature
Maybe the past is just the direction of decreasing entropy
We could explain time's direction by causation: past is the direction of causes, future of effects
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / h. Change in time
Static time theory present change as one property at t1, and a different property at t2
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / j. Time travel
If a time traveller kills his youthful grandfather, he both exists and fails to exist
Presentism means there is no existing past for a time traveller to visit
A traveller takes a copy of a picture into the past, gives it the artist, who then creates the original!
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / k. Temporal truths
The past (unlike the future) is fixed, along with truths about it, by the existence of past objects
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 3. Parts of Time / e. Present moment
The moving spotlight says entities can have properties of being present, past or future
The present moment is a matter of existence, not of acquiring a property