Ideas of Boethius, by Theme

[Roman, 480 - 524, Born in Rome. Taught by Symmachus. Spent much of later life in prison. Died at Pavia.]

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7. Existence / E. Categories / 1. Categories
There are two sorts of category - referring to things, and to circumstances of things
8. Modes of Existence / D. Universals / 5. Universals as Concepts
If universals are not separate, we can isolate them by abstraction [Panaccio]
9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 5. Individuation / d. Individuation by haecceity
We can call the quality of Plato 'Platonity', and say it is a quality which only he possesses
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 1. Nature of Free Will
Knowledge of present events doesn't make them necessary, so future events are no different
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 2. Sources of Free Will
Rational natures require free will, in order to have power of judgement
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 6. Determinism / a. Determinism
Does foreknowledge cause necessity, or necessity cause foreknowledge?
God's universal foreknowledge seems opposed to free will
20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / b. Intellectualism
The wicked want goodness, so they would not be wicked if they obtained it
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 2. Happiness / a. Nature of happiness
Happiness is a good which once obtained leaves nothing more to be desired
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 1. Nature of Ethics / g. Moral responsibility
Rewards and punishments are not deserved if they don't arise from free movement of the mind
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / e. Human nature
When people fall into wickedness they lose their human nature
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / a. Nature of virtue
The bad seek the good through desire, but the good through virtue, which is more natural
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / j. Unity of virtue
Varied aims cannot be good because they differ, but only become good when they unify
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Freedom / b. Freedom of belief
You can't control someone's free mind, only their body and possessions
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 5. God and Time
Divine eternity is the all-at-once and complete possession of unending life
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 6. Divine Morality / a. Divine morality
Where does evil come from if there is a god; where does good come from if there isn't?
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 6. Divine Morality / c. God is the good
God is the supreme good, so no source of goodness could take precedence over God
God is the good
28. God / B. Proving God / 3. Proofs of Evidence / a. Cosmological Proof
The power through which creation remains in existence and motion I call 'God'
28. God / B. Proving God / 3. Proofs of Evidence / b. Teleological Proof
The regular events of this life could never be due to chance
29. Religion / D. Religious Issues / 2. Immortality / a. Immortality
The reward of the good is to become gods
29. Religion / D. Religious Issues / 3. Problem of Evil / a. Problem of Evil
God can do anthing, but he cannot do evil, so evil must be nothing
If you could see the plan of Providence, you would not think there was evil anywhere