Ideas of David E. Cooper, by Theme

[British, fl. 1973, Professor at the University of Durham.]

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5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 2. Descriptions / c. Theory of definite descriptions
If 'Queen of England' does not refer if there is no queen, its meaning can't refer if there is one
Russell says apparent referring expressions are really assertions about properties
7. Existence / E. Categories / 5. Category Anti-Realism
If some peoples do not have categories like time or cause, they can't be essential features of rationality
13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 5. Language Relativism
If it is claimed that language correlates with culture, we must be able to identify the two independently
A person's language doesn't prove their concepts, but how are concepts deduced apart from language?
17. Mind and Body / B. Behaviourism / 2. Behavioural Dispositions
Many sentences set up dispositions which are irrelevant to the meanings of the sentences
19. Language / A. Language / 6. Predicates
If predicates name things, that reduces every sentence to a mere list of names
19. Language / B. Meaning / 3. Meaning as Verification
I can meaningfully speculate that humans may have experiences currently impossible for us
The verification principle itself seems neither analytic nor verifiable
19. Language / B. Meaning / 4. Meaning as Use
Most people know how to use the word "Amen", but they do not know what it means
'How now brown cow?' is used for elocution, but this says nothing about its meaning
19. Language / D. Theories of Reference / 1. Reference theories
Russell argued with great plausibility that we rarely, if ever, refer with our words
Reference need not be a hit-or-miss affair
Any thesis about reference is also a thesis about what exists to be referred to
19. Language / F. Analytic/Synthetic / 3. Analytic Truths
An analytic truth is one which becomes a logical truth when some synonyms have been replaced