Ideas of Democritus (attrib), by Theme

[Greek, fl. 270 BCE, later ideas (mostly ethical) attributed to Democritus, but unlikely to be authentic.]

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2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 7. Status of Reason
Reason is a more powerful persuader than gold
21. Aesthetics / A. Aesthetic Experience / 4. Beauty
Beauty is merely animal without intelligence
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / d. Love
Virtuous love consists of decorous desire for the beautiful
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / b. Types of pleasure
Good and true are the same for everyone, but pleasures differ
We should only choose pleasures which are concerned with the beautiful
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / c. Value of pleasure
Only accept beneficial pleasures
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / d. Sources of pleasure
The great pleasures come from the contemplation of noble works
Moderation brings more pleasures, and so increases pleasure
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / e. Role of pleasure
Immoderate desire is the mark of a child, not an adult
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / f. Dangers of pleasure
It is as brave to master pleasure as to overcome the enemy
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 1. Nature of Ethics / g. Moral responsibility
Behave well when alone, and feel shame in you own eyes
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
A bad life is just a drawn-out death
Be virtuous from duty, not from fear
Virtue doesn't just avoid evil, but also doesn't desire it
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / d. Teaching virtue
Virtue comes more from practice than from nature
Repentance of shameful deeds is salvation
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / e. Character
Good breeding in men means having a good character
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / i. Absolute virtues
One must avoid even speaking of evil deeds
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / c. Justice
The wrongdoer is more unfortunate than the person wronged
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / c. Wealth
Small appetite makes poverty equal to wealth
The endless desire for money is a crueller slavery than poverty
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / d. Friendship
It is better to have one intelligent friend than many unintelligent
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
It is a great thing, when one is in adversity, to think of duty
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / a. Nature of democracy
It is better to be poor in a democracy than be rich without freedom