Ideas of Alvin I. Goldman, by Theme

[American, b.1938, Professor at the University of Arizona for many years.]

idea number gives full details    |    back to list of philosophers    |     expand these ideas
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 6. Coherence
If the only aim was consistent beliefs then new evidence and experiments would be irrelevant
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 3. Numbers / p. Counting
Children may have three innate principles which enable them to learn to count
6. Mathematics / C. Sources of Mathematics / 4. Mathematical Empiricism / a. Mathematical empiricism
Rat behaviour reveals a considerable ability to count
7. Existence / E. Categories / 2. Categorisation
Infant brains appear to have inbuilt ontological categories
12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 3. Representation
Elephants can be correctly identified from as few as three primitive shapes
12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 5. Interpretation
The way in which colour experiences are evoked is physically odd and unpredictable
12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 2. Associationism
Gestalt psychology proposes inbuilt proximity, similarity, smoothness and closure principles
13. Knowledge Criteria / A. Justification Problems / 3. Internal or External / a. Pro-internalism
A belief can be justified when the person has forgotten the evidence for it
We can't only believe things if we are currently conscious of their justification - there are too many
Internalism must cover Forgotten Evidence, which is no longer retrievable from memory
Internal justification needs both mental stability and time to compute coherence
13. Knowledge Criteria / A. Justification Problems / 3. Internal or External / b. Pro-externalism
If justified beliefs are well-formed beliefs, then animals and young children have them
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 5. Coherentism / c. Coherentism critique
Coherent justification seems to require retrieving all our beliefs simultaneously
13. Knowledge Criteria / C. External Justification / 3. Reliabilism / a. Reliable knowledge
Reliability involves truth, and truth is external
Justification depends on the reliability of its cause, where reliable processes tend to produce truth
16. Persons / C. Self-Awareness / 1. Introspection
Introspection is really retrospection; my pain is justified by a brief causal history