Ideas of Edmund Husserl, by Theme
[German, 1859  1938, Born at Prossnitz. Pupil of Brentano. Professor at the University of Freiburg.]
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1. Philosophy / H. Continental Philosophy / 2. Phenomenology
3348

If phenomenology is deprived of the synthetic a priori, it is reduced to literature [Benardete,JA]

15570

Phenomenology is the science of essences  necessary universal structures for art, representation etc. [Polt]

7614

Bracketing subtracts entailments about external reality from beliefs [Putnam]

6893

Phenomenology aims to describe experience directly, rather than by its origins or causes [Mautner]

21217

Phenomenology needs absolute reflection, without presuppositions

5. Theory of Logic / C. Ontology of Logic / 1. Ontology of Logic
21222

Logicians presuppose a world, and ignore logic/world connections, so their logic is impure [VelardeMayol]

21223

Phenomenology grounds logic in subjective experience [VelardeMayol]

6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 3. Nature of Numbers / l. Zero
9837

0 is not a number, as it answers 'how many?' negatively [Dummett]

6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 4. Using Numbers / a. Units
9576

Multiplicity in general is just one and one and one, etc.

6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 4. Using Numbers / e. Counting by correlation
17444

Husserl said counting is more basic than Frege's oneone correspondence [Heck]

6. Mathematics / B. Foundations for Mathematics / 1. Foundations for Mathematics
21224

Pure mathematics is the relations between all possible objects, and is thus formal ontology [VelardeMayol]

7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 6. Fundamentals / c. Monads
21226

Husserl sees the ego as a monad, unifying presence, sense and intentional acts [VelardeMayol]

9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 5. Essence as Kind
21218

The sense of anything contingent has a purely apprehensible essence or Eidos

9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 9. Essence and Properties
19263

Imagine an object's properties varying; the ones that won't vary are the essential ones [Vaidya]

11. Knowledge Aims / B. Certain Knowledge / 5. The Cogito
21220

The physical given, unlike the mental given, could be nonexisting

12. Knowledge Sources / A. A Priori Knowledge / 2. SelfEvidence
21216

Husserl says we have intellectual intuitions (of categories), as well as of the senses [VelardeMayol]

12. Knowledge Sources / E. Direct Knowledge / 1. Intuition
21221

Direct 'seeing' by consciousness is the ultimate rational legitimation

15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 4. Other Minds / c. Knowing other minds
21228

Husserl's monads (egos) communicate, through acts of empathy. [VelardeMayol]

15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 3. Abstraction by mind
9575

Husserl identifies a positive mental act of unification, and a negative mental act for differences [Frege]

16. Persons / B. Nature of the Self / 4. Presupposition of Self
21225

The psychological ego is worldly, and the pure ego follow transcendental reduction [VelardeMayol]

18. Thought / D. Concepts / 4. Structure of Concepts / b. Analysis of concepts
21214

We clarify concepts (e.g. numbers) by determining their psychological origin [VelardeMayol]

18. Thought / E. Abstraction / 8. Abstractionism Critique
9819

Psychologism blunders in focusing on conceptformation instead of delineating the concepts [Dummett]

9851

Husserl wanted to keep a shadowy remnant of abstracted objects, to correlate them [Dummett]
