Ideas of Jonathan Kvanvig, by Theme

[American, fl. 2005, Professor at the University of Missouri, and at Baylor University.]

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11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 1. Knowledge
Epistemology does not just concern knowledge; all aspects of cognitive activity are involved
11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 2. Understanding
Understanding is seeing coherent relationships in the relevant information
11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 4. Aiming at Truth
Making sense of things, or finding a good theory, are non-truth-related cognitive successes
13. Knowledge Criteria / A. Justification Problems / 1. Justification / c. Defeasability
The 'defeasibility' approach says true justified belief is knowledge if no undermining facts could be known
13. Knowledge Criteria / A. Justification Problems / 3. Internal or External / a. Pro-internalism
'Access' internalism says responsibility needs access; weaker 'mentalism' needs mental justification
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 1. Epistemic virtues
The value of good means of attaining truth are swamped by the value of the truth itself
Epistemic virtues: love of knowledge, courage, caution, autonomy, practical wisdom...
If epistemic virtues are faculties or powers, that doesn't explain propositional knowledge
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 4. Foundationalism / a. Foundationalism
Strong foundationalism needs strict inferences; weak version has induction, explanation, probability
13. Knowledge Criteria / C. External Justification / 3. Reliabilism / b. Anti-reliabilism
Reliabilism cannot assess the justification for propositions we don't believe