Ideas of Machamer,P/Darden,L/Craver,C, by Theme

[American, fl. 2000, At Pittsburgh, Maryland and Florida Universities.]

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7. Existence / B. Change in Existence / 2. Processes
Activities have place, rate, duration, entities, properties, modes, direction, polarity, energy and range
8. Modes of Existence / C. Powers and Dispositions / 2. Powers as Basic
Penicillin causes nothing; the cause is what penicillin does
11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 2. Understanding
We understand something by presenting its low-level entities and activities
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / d. Lawlike explanations
The explanation is not the regularity, but the activity sustaining it
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / g. Explanations by function
Functions are not properties of objects, they are activities contributing to mechanisms
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / h. Explanations by mechanism
Mechanisms are systems organised to produce regular change
A mechanism explains a phenomenon by showing how it was produced
Our account of mechanism combines both entities and activities
Descriptions of explanatory mechanisms have a bottom level, where going further is irrelevant
Mechanisms are not just push-pull systems
14. Science / D. Explanation / 3. Best Explanation / b. Ultimate explanation
There are four types of bottom-level activities which will explain phenomena
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 3. Abstraction by mind
We can abstract by taking an exemplary case and ignoring the detail
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 12. Against Laws of Nature
Laws of nature have very little application in biology