Ideas of Karl Marx, by Theme

[German, 1818 - 1883, Born at Trier. Worked in the British Museum Reading Room. Died in London.]

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Aims of Philosophy / a. Philosophy as worldly
Philosophers have interpreted the world, but the point is to change it
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 5. Objectivity
Whether human thinking can be 'true' must be decided in practice, not theory
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / j. Ethics by convention
The human essence is not found in individuals but in social relations
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
Marxists say liberal rights are confrontational, and liberal equality is a sham [Wolff,J]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
Liberal freedom is the right to be separate, and ignores the union of man with man
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 7. Communitarianism
Early Marx anticipates communitarian objections to liberalism [Oksala]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 9. Communism
Marx rejected equal rights because they never actually treat people as equals [Kymlicka]
Even decently paid works still have their produce bought with money stolen from them
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 11. Capitalism
Capitalism changes the world, by socialising the idea of a commodity [Bowie]
29. Religion / D. Religious Issues / 1. Religious Commitment / a. Religious Belief
Religion is the opium of the people, and real happiness requires its abolition
Religious feeling is social in origin