Ideas of J.M.E. McTaggart, by Theme

[British, 1866 - 1925, Born in London. At Trinity College, Cambridge.]

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7. Existence / B. Change in Existence / 1. Nature of Change
How could change consist of a conjunction of changeless facts? [Le Poidevin]
Change is not just having two different qualities at different points in some series
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 2. Substance / d. Substance defined
Substance has to exist, with no intrinsic qualities or relations
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / a. Time
A-series uses past, present and future; B-series uses 'before' and 'after' [Girle]
For McTaggart time is seen either as fixed, or as relative to events [Ayer]
A-series expressions place things in time, and their truth varies; B-series is relative, and always true [Lowe]
The B-series must depend on the A-series, because change must be explained [Le Poidevin]
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / e. Existence of time
Time involves change, only the A-series explains change, but it involves contradictions, so time is unreal [Lowe]
There could be no time if nothing changed