Ideas of Robert Nozick, by Theme

[American, 1938 - 2002, Born in New York. Professor at Harvard University.]

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3. Truth / A. Truth Problems / 3. Value of Truth
I do not care if my trivial beliefs are false, and I have no interest in many truths
3. Truth / E. Pragmatic Truth / 1. Pragmatic Truth
Maybe James was depicting the value of truth, and not its nature
11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 4. Belief / c. Aim of beliefs
Maybe knowledge is belief which 'tracks' the truth [Williams,M]
13. Knowledge Criteria / C. External Justification / 4. Tracking the Facts
A true belief isn't knowledge if it would be believed even if false. It should 'track the truth' [Dancy,J]
18. Thought / A. Modes of Thought / 5. Rationality
In the instrumental view of rationality it only concerns means, and not ends
Is it rational to believe a truth which leads to permanent misery?
Rationality needs some self-consciousness, to also evaluate how we acquired our reasons
Rationality is normally said to concern either giving reasons, or reliability
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 1. Nature of Value / f. Ultimate value
Freedom to live according to our own conception of the good is the ultimate value [Kymlicka]
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 2. Ideal of Pleasure
If an experience machine gives you any experience you want, should you hook up for life?
25. Society / B. The State / 1. Purpose of a State
A minimal state should protect, but a state forcing us to do more is unjustified
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Freedom / d. Free market
If people hold things legitimately, just distribution is simply the result of free exchanges [Kymlicka]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 5. Legal Rights / c. Property rights
Can I come to own the sea, by mixing my private tomato juice with it?
Property is legitimate by initial acquisition, voluntary transfer, or rectification of injustice [Swift]
Nozick assumes initial holdings include property rights, but we can challenge that [Kymlicka]
How did the private property get started? If violence was involved, we can redistribute it [Kymlicka]
If property is only initially acquired by denying the rights of others, Nozick can't get started [Kymlicka]
Unowned things may be permanently acquired, if it doesn't worsen the position of other people
Maybe land was originally collectively owned, rather than unowned? [Cohen,GA]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 3. Anarchism
Individual rights are so strong that the state and its officials must be very limited in power
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
States can't enforce mutual aid on citizens, or interfere for their own good
My Anarchy, State and Utopia neglected our formal social ties and concerns [Nozick]