Ideas of Samir Okasha, by Theme

[British, fl. 2008, Professor at the University of Bristol.]

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7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 2. Reduction
Multiple realisability is said to make reduction impossible
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 3. Experiment
Not all sciences are experimental; astronomy relies on careful observation
Randomised Control Trials have a treatment and a control group, chosen at random
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 6. Falsification
The discoverers of Neptune didn't change their theory because of an anomaly
Science mostly aims at confirming theories, rather than falsifying them
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 1. Scientific Theory
Theories with unobservables are underdetermined by the evidence
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 5. Commensurability
Two things can't be incompatible if they are incommensurable
14. Science / C. Induction / 1. Induction
Induction is inferences from examined to unexamined instances of a given kind
14. Science / C. Induction / 6. Bayes's Theorem
If the rules only concern changes of belief, and not the starting point, absurd views can look ratiional
27. Natural Reality / A. Classical Physics / 1. Mechanics / b. Laws of motion
Galileo refuted the Aristotelian theory that heavier objects fall faster
27. Natural Reality / F. Biology / 5. Species
Virtually all modern views of speciation rest on relational rather than intrinsic features