Ideas of Pythagoras, by Theme

[Greek, c.570 - 510 BCE, Born on Samos. Founded community at Solon in S.Italy. Reputation surrounded with legends. Died at Metapontum.]

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1. Philosophy / A. Wisdom / 1. Nature of Wisdom
Speak the truth, for this alone deifies man
1. Philosophy / B. History of Ideas / 2. Ancient Thought
Pythagoras discovered the numerical relation of sounds on a string
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 3. Numbers / m. One
For Pythagoreans 'one' is not a number, but the foundation of numbers
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / a. Virtues
Pythagoras taught that virtue is harmony, and health, and universal good, and God
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / c. Justice
For Pythagoreans, justice is simply treating all people the same
26. Natural Theory / A. Speculations on Nature / 4. Mathematical Nature
Pythagoreans define timeliness, justice and marriage in terms of numbers
For Pythagoreans the entire universe is made of numbers
Pythagoreans think mathematical principles are the principles of all of nature
Pythagoreans say things imitate numbers, but Plato says things participate in numbers
When musical harmony and rhythm were discovered, similar features were seen in bodily movement
29. Religion / D. Religious Issues / 2. Immortality / a. Immortality
The modern idea of an immortal soul was largely created by Pythagoras