Ideas of Anaxagoras, by Theme

[Greek, c.500 - 428 BCE, Born in Clazomenae. Taught the playwright Euripides. Died at Lampsacus.]

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7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 1. Nature of Existence
Nothing is created or destroyed; there is only mixing and separation
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 6. Fundamentals / a. Fundamental reality
Basic is the potentially perceptible, then comes the contrary qualities, and finally the 'elements'
12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 5. Empiricism Critique
The senses are too feeble to determine the truth
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 1. Mind / a. Mind
Nous is unlimited, self-ruling and pure; it is the finest thing, with great discernment and strength
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 1. Mind / c. Features of mind
Mind is self-ruling, pure, ordering and ubiquitous
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 1. Free Will / a. Nature of free will
Anaxagoras says mind remains pure, and so is not affected by what it changes
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / g. Contemplation
Anaxagoras said a person would choose to be born to contemplate the ordered heavens
26. Natural Theory / A. Heart of Nature / 2. Natural Purpose
For Anaxagoras the Good Mind has no opposite, and causes all movement, for a higher reason
26. Natural Theory / B. Concepts of Nature / 1. Basis of Nature
Anaxagoras said that the number of principles was infinite
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 1. Causation / a. Causation
Anaxagoras says mind produces order and causes everything
27. Natural Reality / A. Physics / 1. Matter / e. Greek elements
Anaxagoreans regard the homoeomeries as elements, which compose earth, air, fire and water
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 1. God
Anaxagoras was the first to say that the universe is directed by an intelligence
28. God / D. Proofs of Evidence / 2. Teleological Proof
Past, present and future, and the movements of the heavens, were arranged by Mind
28. God / E. Attitudes to God / 4. Atheism
Anaxagoras was the first recorded atheist