Ideas of Epictetus, by Theme

[Greek, 55 - 135, Born in slavery at Hierapolis. Taught by Musonius Rufus. Freed, and founded his own school at Nicopolis. Arrian was a pupil.]

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Aims of Philosophy / a. Philosophy as worldly
Philosophy investigates the causes of disagreements, and seeks a standard for settling them
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 6. Determinism / a. Determinism
If we could foresee the future, we should collaborate with disease and death
21. Aesthetics / B. Nature of Art / 8. The Arts / b. Poetry
Tragedies are versified sufferings of people impressed by externals
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / f. Compassion
Epictetus says we should console others for misfortune, but not be moved by pity
25. Society / B. The State / 4. Citizenship
A citizen is committed to ignore private advantage, and seek communal good