Ideas of Plutarch, by Theme

[Greek, 45 - 121, Born at Chaeronea. A Roman governor.]

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9. Objects / E. Objects over Time / 9. Ship of Theseus
Replacing timbers on Theseus' ship was the classic illustration of the problem of growth and change
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 3. Idealism
The sun is always bright; it doesn't become bright when it emerges
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 2. Psuché
Some philosophers say the soul is light
When the soul is intelligent and harmonious, it is part of god and derives from god
16. Persons / B. Concept of the Self / 1. Essential Self
Rather than being the whole soul, maybe I am its chief part?
17. Mind and Body / E. Mind as Physical / 7. Anti-Physicalism / a. Physicalism critique
If atoms have no qualities, they cannot possibly produce a mind
18. Thought / A. Modes of Thought / 3. Emotions
Some say emotion is a sort of reason, and others say virtue concerns emotion
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / e. Role of pleasure
Animals don't value pleasure, as they cease sexual intercourse after impregnation
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / j. Ethics by convention
Being manly and brave is the result of convention, not of human nature
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / a. Virtues
The good life involves social participation, loyalty, temperance and honesty
24. Applied Ethics / B. Moral Rights / 2. Sexual Morality
Animals have not been led into homosexuality, because they value pleasure very little
27. Natural Reality / A. Physics / 1. Matter / c. Atoms
If only atoms exist, how do qualities arise when the atoms come together?
28. God / D. Proofs of Evidence / 5. Miracles
People report seeing through rocks, or over the horizon, or impossibly small works
28. God / E. Attitudes to God / 4. Atheism
Absurd superstitions make people atheist, not disharmony in nature
Anaxagoras was charged with impiety for calling the sun a lump of stone
29. Religion / A. Religious Thought / 1. Religious Belief
No one will ever find a city that lacks religious practices