Ideas of Novalis, by Theme

[German, 1772 - 1801, aka Friedrich von Hardenberg. Poet, story writer, philosopher, mining engineer.]

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1. Philosophy / C. History of Philosophy / 1. History of Philosophy
The history of philosophy is just experiments in how to do philosophy
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 1. Philosophy
Philosophy only begins when it studies itself
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 4. Aims of Philosophy / b. Philosophy as transcendent
Philosophy aims to produce a priori an absolute and artistic world system
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 4. Aims of Philosophy / c. Philosophy as generalisation
Philosophy relies on our whole system of learning, and can thus never be complete
The highest aim of philosophy is to combine all philosophies into a unity
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 4. Aims of Philosophy / d. Philosophy as puzzles
Philosophers feed on problems, hoping they are digestible, and spiced with paradox
3. Truth / A. Truth Problems / 3. Value of Truth
If man sacrifices truth he sacrifices himself, by acting against his own convictions
3. Truth / E. Pragmatic Truth / 1. Pragmatic Truth
Delusion and truth differ in their life functions
5. Theory of Logic / A. Overview of Logic / 8. Logic of Mathematics
Logic (the theory of relations) should be applied to mathematics
5. Theory of Logic / L. Paradox / 2. Aporiai
A problem is a solid mass, which the mind must break up
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 3. Numbers / p. Counting
Whoever first counted to two must have seen the possibility of infinite counting
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 3. Individual Essences
Refinement of senses increasingly distinguishes individuals
12. Knowledge Sources / C. Rationalism / 1. Rationalism
Experiences tests reason, and reason tests experience
12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 5. Empiricism Critique
Empiricists are passive thinkers, given their philosophy by the external world and fate
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 1. Scientific Theory
General statements about nature are not valid
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 6. Idealisation
Desire for perfection is an illness, if it turns against what is imperfect
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 8. Dualism of Mind Critique
The whole body is involved in the formation of thoughts
17. Mind and Body / E. Physicalism / 1. Physicalism
The seat of the soul is where our inner and outer worlds interpenetrate
18. Thought / D. Concepts / 6. Abstract Concepts / b. Abstracta from selection
Everything is a chaotic unity, then we abstract, then we reunify the world into a free alliance
19. Language / A. Language / 7. Private Language
Every person has his own language
21. Aesthetics / B. Aesthetic Experience / 1. Beauty
Only self-illuminated perfect individuals are beautiful
22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 1. Morality
Morality and philosophy are mutually dependent
25. Society / B. The State / 5. Leaders / b. Monarchy
The whole point of a monarch is that we accept them as a higher-born, ideal person
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. Education / c. Teaching
If the pupil really yearns for the truth, they only need a hint
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. Education / d. History study
Persons are shaped by a life history; splendid persons are shaped by world history
26. Natural Theory / A. Heart of Nature / 1. Nature
Nature is a whole, and its individual parts cannot be wholly understood
26. Natural Theory / A. Heart of Nature / 4. Pythagoreanism
The basic relations of nature are musical
29. Religion / A. Religious Thought / 1. Religious Belief
Religion needs an intermediary, because none of us can connect directly to a godhead