Ideas of Richard Cumberland, by Theme

[English, 1631 - 1718, Bishop in the Church of England, at Peterborough.]

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2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 7. Status of Reason
If a decision is in accord with right reason, everyone can agree with it
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 1. Nature of Value / g. Ultimate value
If there are different ultimate goods, there will be conflicting good actions, which is impossible
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / d. Biological ethics
Natural law is supplied to the human mind by reality and human nature
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
The happiness of individuals is linked to the happiness of everyone (which is individuals taken together)
The happiness of all contains the happiness of each, and promotes it
25. Society / E. State Functions / 2. The Law / b. Natural law
Natural law is immutable truth giving moral truths and duties independent of society