Ideas of Hugo Grotius, by Theme

[Dutch, 1583 - 1645, Born in Delft. A lawyer. Died of pneumonia caught at the court of Queen Christina.]

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24. Applied Ethics / A. Decision Conflicts / 5. Omissions
Nations are not obliged to help one-another, but are obliged not to harm one another [Tuck]
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 2. Natural Values / c. Natural rights
Everyone has a right of self-preservation, and harming others is usually unjustifiable [Tuck]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Freedom / g. Freedom to leave
A person is free to renounce their state, as long as it is not a moment of crisis [Rousseau]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / a. Nature of democracy
Democracy needs respect for individuality, but the 'community of friends' implies strict equality
25. Society / E. State Functions / 1. The Law / c. Natural law
Grotius and Pufendorf based natural law on real (rather than idealised) humanity [Ford,JD]
A natural right of self-preservation is balanced by a natural law to avoid unnecessary harm [Tuck]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 1. The Law / d. Legal positivism
Grotius ignored elaborate natural law theories, preferring a basic right of self-preservation [Tuck]
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 6. Divine Morality / b. Euthyphro question
Moral principles have some validity without a God commanding obedience [Mautner]