Ideas of Hugo Grotius, by Theme

[Dutch, 1583 - 1645, Born in Delft. A lawyer. Died of pneumonia caught at the court of Queen Christina.]

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24. Applied Ethics / A. Decision Conflicts / 5. Omissions
Nations are not obliged to help one-another, but are obliged not to harm one another
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 4. Natural Rights / a. Natural rights
Everyone has a right of self-preservation, and harming others is usually unjustifiable
25. Society / E. State Functions / 2. The Law / b. Natural law
A natural right of self-preservation is balanced by a natural law to avoid unnecessary harm
25. Society / E. State Functions / 2. The Law / c. Legal positivism
Grotius ignored elaborate natural law theories, preferring a basic right of self-preservation
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 5. Divine Morality / b. Euthyphro question
Moral principles have some validity without a God commanding obedience