Ideas of Francis Hutcheson, by Theme

[British, 1694 - 1746, Born in Ireland. Professor at Glasgow University.]

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2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 1. On Reason
Reason is our power of finding out true propositions
20. Action / B. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / b. Intellectualism
Reason is too slow and doubtful to guide all actions, which need external and moral senses
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 5. Happiness / a. Nature of happiness
Happiness is a pleasant sensation, or continued state of such sensations
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 7. Altruism
Human nature seems incapable of universal malice, except what results from self-love
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 9. Selfishness
As death approaches, why do we still care about family, friends or country?
22. Metaethics / C. Sources of Ethics / 3. Intuitionism
We approve of actions by a superior moral sense
We dislike a traitor, even if they give us great benefit
The moral sense is not an innate idea, but an ability to approve or disapprove in a disinterested way
We cannot choose our moral feelings, otherwise bribery could affect them
Everyone feels uneasy when seeing others in pain, unless the others are evil
Can't the moral sense make mistakes, as the other senses do?
22. Metaethics / D. Consequentialism / 1. Consequentialism
My action is not made good by a good effect, if I did not foresee and intend it
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / d. Courage
Contempt of danger is just madness if it is not in some worthy cause
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 1. Deontology
You can't form moral rules without an end, which needs feelings and a moral sense
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness for the greatest number
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 1. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
The loss of perfect rights causes misery, but the loss of imperfect rights reduces social good
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 5. Divine Morality / a. Divine morality
We are asked to follow God's ends because he is our benefactor, but why must we do that?
Why may God not have a superior moral sense very similar to ours?
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 5. Divine Morality / c. God is the good
We say God is good if we think everything he does aims at the happiness of his creatures
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 5. Divine Morality / d. God decrees morality
If goodness is constituted by God's will, it is a tautology to say God's will is good