Ideas of K Marx / F Engels, by Theme

[German, fl. 1848, Founders of the communist movement]

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 3. Philosophy Defined
Philosophy is no more than abstractions concerning observations of human historical development
13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 4. Cultural relativism
For the proletariate, law, morality and religion are just expressions of bourgeois interests
15. Nature of Minds / B. Properties of Minds / 1. Consciousness / a. Consciousness
Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life
16. Persons / G. Free Will / 1. Free Will / c. Free will critique
Kant made the political will into a pure self-determined "free" will
19. Language / A. Language / 1. Language
Language co-exists with consciousness, and makes it social
19. Language / B. Meaning / 3. Meaning as Verification
Philosophical problems are resolved into empirical facts
22. Metaethics / C. Sources of Ethics / 2. Human Nature
Consciousness is a social product
The nature of an individual coincides with what they produce and how they produce it
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / d. Virtue theory critique
When aristocracy or the bourgeoisie dominate, certain values dominate with them
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
Kant was happy with 'good will', even if it had no result
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 1. Existentialism
Young Hegelians proposed changing our present consciousness for liberating critical consciousness
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / a. Human distinctiveness
Men distinguish themselves from animals when they begin to produce their means of subsistence
Individuals are mutually hostile unless they group together in competition with other groups
25. Society / C. Political Doctrines / 7. Communism
If the common interest imposes on the individual, his actions become alienated and enslaving
In communist society we are not trapped in one activity, but can act freely
Communism abolishes private property and dissolves the powerful world market
The class controlling material production also controls mental production
The revolutionary class is opposed to 'class', and represents all of society
To assert themselves as individuals, the proletarians must overthrow the State
Modern governments are just bourgeois management committees
Communism aims to abolish not all property, but bourgeois property
Young Hegelians think consciousness is chains for men, where old Hegelians think it the bond of society
Many of the bourgeois right grievances are a form of self-defence
25. Society / C. Political Doctrines / 8. Communitarianism
Only in community are people able to cultivate their gifts, and therefore be free
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 1. Legal Rights / c. Property rights
The law says private property is the result of the general will
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 2. Social Freedom / a. Slavery
Slavery cannot be abolished without the steam-engine
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 2. Social Freedom / e. Freedom of lifestyle
The free development of each should be the condition for the free development of all
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. Education / a. Education principles
Communists want to rescue education from the ruling class
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. Education / d. History study
Human history must always be studied in relation to industry and exchange
Most historians are trapped in the illusions of their own epoch
The history of all existing society is the history of class struggles