Ideas of Karl Marx, by Theme

[German, 1818 - 1883, Born at Trier. Worked in the British Museum Reading Room. Died in London.]

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Aims of Philosophy / a. Philosophy as worldly
Philosophers have interpreted the world, but the point is to change it
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 5. Objectivity
Whether human thinking can be 'true' must be decided in practice, not theory
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / e. Human nature
The human essence is not found in individuals but in social relations
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / e. General will
The real will of the cooperative will replace the 'will of the people'
25. Society / B. The State / 7. Changing the State / c. Revolution
The middle class gain freedom through property, but workers can only free all of humanity [Singer]
Theory is as much a part of a revolution as material force is
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
Marxists say liberal rights are confrontational, and liberal equality is a sham [Wolff,J]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
Liberal freedom is the right to be separate, and ignores the union of man with man
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 7. Communitarianism
Early Marx anticipates communitarian objections to liberalism [Oksala]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 9. Communism
Man is dominated by money, which is the essence of his alienation
False consciousness results from concealment by the superstructure [Singer]
Marx rejected equal rights because they never actually treat people as equals [Kymlicka]
Must production determine superstructure, or could it be the other way round? [Singer]
Even decently paid works still have their produce bought with money stolen from them
Freedom only comes when labour is no longer necessary
From each according to his ability, to each according to his need
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 11. Capitalism
The handmill gives feudalism, the steam mill capitalism
Capitalism changes the world, by socialising the idea of a commodity [Bowie]
29. Religion / D. Religious Issues / 1. Religious Commitment / a. Religious Belief
Religion is the opium of the people, and real happiness requires its abolition
Religious feeling is social in origin