Ideas of G.H. von Wright, by Theme

[Finnish, 1916 - 2003, Born in Helsinki. Professor at Cambridge 1948-51. At Cornell University, and Helsinki. Friend of Wittgenstein. Died in Finland.]

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10. Modality / B. Possibility / 1. Possibility
What is true used to be possible, but it may no longer be so
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 5. Direction of causation
p is a cause and q an effect (not vice versa) if manipulations of p change q
We can imagine controlling floods by controlling rain, but not vice versa
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 8. Particular Causation / a. Observation of causation
The very notion of a cause depends on agency and action
We give regularities a causal character by subjecting them to experiment
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 8. Particular Causation / c. Conditions of causation
We must further analyse conditions for causation, into quantifiers or modal concepts
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 2. Types of Laws
Some laws are causal (Ohm's Law), but others are conceptual principles (conservation of energy)