Ideas of Max Weber, by Theme

[German, 1864 - 1920, Professor of Economics at the Universities of Heidelberg and Munich. A founder of sociology.]

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2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 5. Objectivity
There is no objectivity in social sciences - only viewpoints for selecting and organising data
The results of social research can be true, and not just subjectively valid for one person
14. Science / D. Explanation / 1. Explanation / d. Explaining people
Nature requires causal explanations, but society requires clarification by reasons and motives [Critchley]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 1. Nature of Value / b. Fact and value
We are disenchanted because we rely on science, which ignores values [Boulter]
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
The idea of duty in one's calling haunts us, like a lost religion
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Freedom / h. Social power
Domination is probable obedience by some group of persons
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 11. Capitalism
Acquisition and low consumption lead to saving, investment, and increased wealth
When asceticism emerged from the monasteries, it helped to drive the modern economy
Capitalism is not unlimited greed, and may even be opposed to greed
Modern western capitalism has free labour, business separate from household, and book-keeping
29. Religion / B. Monotheistic Religion / 4. Christianity / a. Christianity
Punish the heretic, but be indulgent to the sinner