Ideas of Gordon Graham, by Theme

[British, b.1949, At St Andrews University, then Professor at Aberdeen.]

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13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 3. Subjectivism
'Subjectivism' is an extension of relativism from the social group to the individual
22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 5. Moral Responsibility
The chain of consequences may not be the same as the chain of responsibility
We can't criticise people because of unforeseeable consequences
22. Metaethics / D. Consequentialism / 1. Consequentialism
Negative consequences are very hard (and possibly impossible) to assess
23. Ethics / A. Egoism / 1. Ethical Egoism
Egoism submits to desires, but cannot help form them
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / h. Right feelings
Rescue operations need spontaneous benevolence, not careful thought
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
'What if everybody did that?' rather misses the point as an objection to cheating
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 1. Existentialism
Existentialism may transcend our nature, unlike eudaimonism
The key to existentialism is that the way you make choices is more important than what you choose
A standard problem for existentialism is the 'sincere Nazi'
It is more plausible to say people can choose between values, than that they can create them
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 2. Nihilism
Life is only absurd if you expected an explanation and none turns up
29. Religion / A. Religious Thought / 1. Religious Belief
The great religions are much more concerned with the religious life than with ethics
29. Religion / C. Monotheistic Religion / 3. Christianity / a. Christianity
Hegel said he was offering an encyclopaedic rationalisation of Christianity
29. Religion / E. Immortality / 1. Immortality
Western religion saves us from death; Eastern religion saves us from immortality