Ideas of Brad W. Hooker, by Theme

[American, fl. 1995, Taught at Reading University.]

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22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / i. Prescriptivism
Prescriptivism says 'ought' without commitment to act is insincere, or weakly used
23. Ethics / B. Contract Ethics / 2. Golden Rule
Universal moral judgements imply the Golden Rule ('do as you would be done by')
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 2. Ideal of Pleasure
Modern utilitarians value knowledge, friendship, autonomy, and achievement, as well as pleasure
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 5. Rule Utilitarianism
Rule-utilitarians prevent things like torture, even on rare occasions when it seems best
24. Applied Ethics / C. Death Issues / 5. Euthanasia
Euthanasia may not involve killing, so it is 'killing or not saving, out of concern for that person'
Euthanasia is active or passive, and voluntary, non-voluntary or involuntary