Ideas of John Rawls, by Theme

[American, 1921 - 2002, Born at Baltimore. Professor at Harvard University.]

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22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / c. Right and good
Rawls defends the priority of right over good
23. Ethics / B. Contract Ethics / 1. Contractarianism
A fair arrangement is one that parties can agree to without knowing how it will benefit them personally
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
Check your rationality by thinking of your opinion pronounced by the supreme court
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism inappropriately scales up the individual willingness to make sacrifices
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / c. A unified people
Rawls rejected cosmopolitanism because it doesn't respect the autonomy of 'peoples'
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 5. Original Position / a. Original position
Why does the rational agreement of the 'Original Position' in Rawls make it right?
The original position models the idea that citizens start as free and equal
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 5. Original Position / b. Veil of ignorance
Choose justice principles in ignorance of your own social situation
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 5. Original Position / c. Difference principle
All desirable social features should be equal, unless inequality favours the disadvantaged
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / d. Social contract
Power is only legitimate if it is reasonable for free equal citizens to endorse the constitution
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 1. Social Justice
Justice concerns not natural distributions, or our born location, but what we do about them
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 2. Social Freedom / e. Freedom of lifestyle
Liberty Principle: everyone has an equal right to liberties, if compatible with others' liberties
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
Rawls's account of justice relies on conventional fairness, avoiding all moral controversy