Ideas of Peter Singer, by Theme

[Australian, b.1946, Born in Australia. At Oxford University, and Monash University, and now a Professor in the United States.]

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22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / b. Valuing life
The sanctity of a human life depends either on being of our species, or on being a person
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / h. Good as benefit
'Marginal utility' says something is more useful if it is in short supply
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 1. Nature of Ethics / b. Defining ethics
Ethics is universalisable - it must involve an impartial and universal view of things
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / c. Ethical intuitionism
Following an inner voice for morality is irresponsible in a rational agent
23. Ethics / B. Contract Ethics / 1. Contractarianism
Why should I do anything for posterity? What has posterity ever done for me?
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 1. Deontology
Conflict of rules might be avoided by greater complexity, or by a hierarchy of rules
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 4. Boredom
Psychopaths may just be bored, because they cannot participate in normal emotional life
24. Applied Ethics / B. Moral Rights / 3. Animal Rights
Killing a chimp is worse than killing a human too defective to be a person
24. Applied Ethics / C. Death Issues / 3. Abortion
Why should a potential person have the rights of an actual person?
25. Society / B. The State / 7. Changing the State / c. Revolution
You can't condemn violent revolution without assessing the evils it prevents
In Marxism the state will be superseded
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Equality / a. Grounds of equality
Equality of interests is a minimal principle, not implying equal treatment
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Equality / d. Economic equality
Equality of opportunity unfairly rewards those lucky enough to have great ability
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
If a right entails having the relevant desire, many creatures might have no right to life
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 4. Conservatism
In the 1840s Hegel seemed to defend society being right as it is, as a manifestation of Mind [Singer]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / a. Nature of democracy
If 49% of the population can be wrong, so can 51%
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 9. Communism
Materialist history says we are subject to incomprehensable forces