Ideas of Peter F. Strawson, by Theme

[British, 1919 - 2006, Father of Galen Strawson. Professor at Oxford University.]

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1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 1. Nature of Metaphysics
Descriptive metaphysics aims at actual structure, revisionary metaphysics at a better structure
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 5. Metaphysics as Conceptual
Descriptive metaphysics concerns unchanging core concepts and categories
1. Philosophy / F. Analytic Philosophy / 4. Ordinary Language
Close examination of actual word usage is the only sure way in philosophy
3. Truth / C. Correspondence Truth / 2. Correspondence to Facts
The fact which is stated by a true sentence is not something in the world
Facts aren't exactly true statements, but they are what those statements say
3. Truth / F. Semantic Truth / 1. Tarski's Truth / a. Tarski's truth definition
The statement that it is raining perfectly fits the fact that it is raining
3. Truth / F. Semantic Truth / 2. Semantic Truth
The word 'true' always refers to a possible statement
5. Theory of Logic / E. Structures of Logic / 1. Logical Form
There are no rules for the exact logic of ordinary language, because that doesn't exist
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 2. Descriptions / c. Theory of definite descriptions
'The present King of France is bald' presupposes existence, rather than stating it
Russell asks when 'The King of France is wise' would be a true assertion
9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 2. Abstract Objects / b. Need for abstracta
We need a logical use of 'object' as predicate-worthy, and an 'ontological' use
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 3. Individual Essences
It makes no sense to ask of some individual thing what it is that makes it that individual
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 4. Other Minds / d. Other minds by analogy
I can only apply consciousness predicates to myself if I can apply them to others
16. Persons / D. Self and Body / 5. Role of the Body
A person is an entity to which we can ascribe predicates of consciousness and corporeality
19. Language / A. Language / 6. Predicates
The idea of a predicate matches a range of things to which it can be applied
19. Language / B. Meaning / 4. Meaning as Use
The meaning of an expression or sentence is general directions for its use, to refer or to assert
19. Language / D. Theories of Reference / 3. Direct Reference / c. Social reference
Reference is mainly a social phenomenon
19. Language / D. Theories of Reference / 4. Descriptive Reference / b. Reference by description
If an expression can refer to anything, it may still instrinsically refer, but relative to a context
19. Language / D. Theories of Reference / 5. Speaker's Reference
Expressions don't refer; people use expressions to refer
If an utterance fails to refer then it is a pseudo-use, though a speaker may think they assert something