Ideas of Jürgen Habermas, by Theme

[German, b.1929, Born in Dusseldorf. Professor at Frankfurt, and Starnberg.]

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Aims of Philosophy / a. Philosophy as worldly
Habermas seems to make philosophy more democratic
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 3. Metaphysics as Science
The aim of 'post-metaphysical' philosophy is to interpret the sciences
1. Philosophy / H. Continental Philosophy / 5. Critical Theory
We can do social philosophy by studying coordinated action through language use
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 4. Aims of Reason
Rather than instrumental reason, Habermas emphasises its communicative role
12. Knowledge Sources / A. A Priori Knowledge / 11. Denying the A Priori
What is considered a priori changes as language changes
19. Language / A. Nature of Meaning / 1. Meaning
To understand a statement is to know what would make it acceptable
19. Language / A. Nature of Meaning / 3. Meaning as Speaker's Intention
Meaning is not fixed by a relation to the external world, but a relation to other speakers
19. Language / A. Nature of Meaning / 6. Meaning as Use
To understand language is to know how to use it to reach shared understandings
20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / b. Intellectualism
Moral right is linked to validity and truth, so morality is a matter of knowledge, not an expression of values
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / j. Ethics by convention
Actions norms are only valid if everyone possibly affected is involved in the discourse
23. Ethics / B. Contract Ethics / 9. Contractualism
Move from individual willing of a general law, to willing norms agreed with other people
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
People endorse equality, universality and inclusiveness, just by their communicative practices