13252 | Some truths have true negations |

13247 | A truthmaker is an object which entails a sentence |

10688 | 'Equivocation' is when terms do not mean the same thing in premises and conclusion |

13249 | (∀x)(A v B) |- (∀x)A v (∃x)B) is valid in classical logic but invalid intuitionistically |

13255 | Relevant logic may reject transitivity |

13243 | Excluded middle must be true for some situation, not for all situations |

13242 | It's 'relevantly' valid if all those situations make it true |

13246 | Relevant logic does not abandon classical logic |

13245 | Relevant consequence says invalidity is the conclusion not being 'in' the premises |

13254 | A doesn't imply A - that would be circular |

13250 | Free logic terms aren't existential; classical is non-empty, with referring names |

13235 | Logic studies consequence; logical truths are consequences of everything, or nothing |

13238 | Syllogisms are only logic when they use variables, and not concrete terms |

13234 | The view of logic as knowing a body of truths looks out-of-date |

10690 | Formal logic is invariant under permutations, or devoid of content, or gives the norms for thought |

13232 | Logic studies arguments, not formal languages; this involves interpretations |

13241 | The model theory of classical predicate logic is mathematics |

10691 | Logical consequence needs either proofs, or absence of counterexamples |

13253 | There are several different consequence relations |

13240 | A sentence follows from others if they always model it |

10695 | Logical consequence is either necessary truth preservation, or preservation based on interpretation |

10689 | A step is a 'material consequence' if we need contents as well as form |

10696 | A 'logical truth' (or 'tautology', or 'theorem') follows from empty premises |

13236 | Logical truth is much more important if mathematics rests on it, as logicism claims |

10693 | Models are mathematical structures which interpret the non-logical primitives |

13237 | Preface Paradox affirms and denies the conjunction of propositions in the book |

10692 | Hilbert proofs have simple rules and complex axioms, and natural deduction is the opposite |

13244 | Relevant necessity is always true for some situation (not all situations) |

13239 | Judgement is always predicating a property of a subject |

13248 | We can rest truth-conditions on situations, rather than on possible worlds |

13233 | Propositions commit to content, and not to any way of spelling it out |