more from Baruch de Spinoza

Single Idea 4849

[catalogued under 18. Thought / A. Modes of Thought / 3. Emotions]

Full Idea

I recognise only three primitive or primary emotions, namely, pleasure, pain and desire.

Gist of Idea

The three primary emotions are pleasure, pain and desire


Baruch de Spinoza (The Ethics [1675], IIIEm Df 4)

Book Reference

Spinoza,Benedict de: 'Ethics, Improvement of Understanding, Letters', ed/tr. Elwes,R [Dover 1955], p.175

A Reaction

Interesting, but hard to justify. Presumably one can analyse fear as desire for no pain, and grief as desire for the return of pleasure, etc. It is a nice exercise in introspective psychology, but I don't feel much wiser for it.