more from Baruch de Spinoza

Single Idea 7828

[catalogued under 16. Persons / F. Free Will / 6. Determinism / a. Determinism]

Full Idea

Things could not have been brought into being by God in any manner or in any order different from that which has in fact obtained.

Gist of Idea

The actual world is the only one God could have created


Baruch de Spinoza (The Ethics [1675], I Pr 33)

Book Reference

Spinoza,Benedict de: 'Ethics, Improvement of Understanding, Letters', ed/tr. Elwes,R [Dover 1955], p.70

A Reaction

Said to be a "notorious" proposition. This is a key idea in philosophy because it represents (like solipsism) one of the extremes - there is no such thing as contingency, and that all things are necessary. It is daft not to take Spinoza seriously on this.